Most issues pertaining to oral health can be addressed by a dentist. For some dental patients in idaho oral surgery is the best option, though. There are many different types of oral surgeries. Two of the most common of these are impacted teeth and cleft lip surgeries.
What is an Impacted Tooth?
When dentists refer to impacted teeth, they mean the teeth have become stuck beneath the gum line. This failure to erupt normally can cause serious problems. Impacted teeth can cause jaw pain, make chewing difficult, and even contribute to the development of serious infections.
How Can an Oral Surgeon Help?
The most common teeth to become impacted are wisdom teeth. Also known as the third molars, they do not play any significant role in chewing, speech, or other daily functions. As a result, they can almost always be extracted without causing additional trouble. The extraction is typically performed as an outpatient procedure using only local anesthesia and laughing gas.
When eye teeth, also known as canines, fail to erupt normally in a patient’s mouth, it is considered a much more serious problem. This issue is most frequently seen in the maxillary cuspids or upper eye teeth. These teeth play an important role in creating a healthy bite pattern, so they are removed only as a last resort. Instead, impacted canines are best addressed through early detection and treatment.
Treatment for impacted eye teeth involves taking dental x-rays to determine whether there are any blockages and surgery to remove any impediments to normal growth. If the teeth have enough space to erupt naturally but still are not coming in, an oral surgeon can perform a process known as bracketing. This idaho oral surgery requires the gum to be moved to place a bracket on the exposed tooth. This bracket is then attached to a chain, which can be used by an orthodontist to guide the tooth out and into its intended position.
What is a Cleft Lip?
A cleft lip is a congenital condition. It occurs when the two halves of a patient’s lips form separately during pregnancy and do not fully join together prior to birth. In mild cases, the result has the appearance of a split lip. More serious cleft lips can actually extend all the way up one or both sides of the lip and into the child’s nose. If this separation occurs on one side, it is referred to as a unilateral cleft lip. If it occurs on both sides, it is known as a bilateral cleft.
Not only does this condition impact the physical appearance of those affected by it, but it can also make certain speech sounds more difficult to produce. A severely cleft lip can also impact the patient’s ability to suck, which can make eating more difficult.
What is the Treatment?
The most effective treatment for a cleft lip is surgery. Since the condition is congenital, cleft lip surgery is typically performed when the patient is very young. Most of these corrective surgeries occur around ten weeks after birth. A successful surgery will restore muscle function, remove the separation entirely, and give the patient a normal lip shape. If the deformity is very serious and impacts other areas of the face as well, it may require subsequent surgeries to be completely resolved.